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Mnj Analisis: Memudahkan Urusan Pajak

... memberi gambaran tentang kinerja tim manajemen perusahaan atau
pengusaha dalam memenuhi kewajiban perpajakan yang ... Kiat menganalisis
laporan keuangan dan pelaporan pajak. ... PPh Orang Pribadi, PPh Pot/Put, PPN
, Bendaharawan Pemerintah Pusat/Daerah dan pemeriksaan serta memberikan
solusinya.

Good and Bad Practice in Participatory Research

Seminar paper from the year 2008 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Development Politics, grade: distinction, University of Manchester (Institute for Development Policy and Management), course: Development Research, language: English, abstract: Development research serves different purposes - from informing policy-making on a macro level, to conducting large scale poverty assessments of countries and regions, and planning, managing, evaluating and impact assessment of development projects and programs. Since the 1970s, participatory research methods have become increasingly important in this field. Whereas initially they were used to inform project practice on the micro-level, they are now also used to inform policy making and enhance governance. "They moved from the margins of development practice to the very heart of development mainstream" (Mikkelsen 2005: 58). Participatory research can be seen as the methodological basis of participatory development. However, there is ongoing debate on whom those methods inform - the instrumental practice of aid/ governmental agencies ('participation as means') or the local communities themselves, providing them with the means to conduct their development ('participation as end'). This ambiguity is the main reason why a coherent definition of participatory development and research does not exist. The notion 'participatory' is blurred and definitions differ widely. Common to most definitions is the view that an active involvement of stakeholders will enhance development research and projects. An important advantage of participatory research is seen in the deeper insight into local life and needs. Chapter 2 of this paper will outline the different aspects of the concept and will discuss good and bad practices in participatory research, paying particular attention to the conflict between participation as means and as end. The wider scope of current participatory research led to the need for valid and r

Seminar paper from the year 2008 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Development Politics, grade: distinction, University of Manchester (Institute for Development Policy and Management), course: Development Research, ...

Opening Up Knowledge Production Through Participatory Research?

Agricultural Research for Vietnam's Northern Uplands

Originally presented as the author's thesis (doctoral)--University of Hohenheim, 2008.

Agricultural Research for Vietnam's Northern Uplands Jakob Rupert
Friederichsen ... of state organizations exist at the district and commune levels ,
including several organizations with a clear service mandate for the rural
population .

Participatory Rural Appraisal

Principles, Methods and Application

Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) methods, now known as Participatory Learning and Action (PLA), have been extensively used in development research, action and evaluation. This book is based on the author’s decade-long intensive field experience—each method is explained by drawing on field-based illustrations. The book vividly describes the methods of PRA, highlighting the essential features as well as the application, merits and limitations of each method. Participatory Rural Appraisal: Principles, Methods and Application outlines the application of PRA methodology in areas like participatory poverty assessment, sustainable livelihood analysis, assessment of hunger, vulnerability analysis, organizational analysis, monitoring and evaluation. Separate sections on SWOT analysis and on the method of interview and dialogue are also included in the book. Besides, the author has provided guidelines for sector-wise application of PRA, which would serve as a ready reference for students and practitioners alike. A chapter on the roles of members of a PRA team is another key feature of this book, which would be immensely valuable for students, researchers and academicians working in the areas of social work, rural development, agriculture, and environmental science, and also for NGO workers and trainers and researchers in the development field.

This book is based on the author_s decade-long intensive field experience_each method is explained by drawing on field-based illustrations.

Participatory Research in Conservation and Rural Livelihoods

Doing Science Together

Participatory Research in Conservation and RuralLivelihoods: Doing Science Together starts from theunderstanding that all people create knowledge and that thecreation of sustainable livelihoods and of conditions that protectand sustain rural ecosystems are interrelated. Here local experts and professional researchers writeindependently about the participatory research processes throughwhich they created new knowledge together. They demonstrate thatinterdependent science can produce more accurate and locallyappropriate data, while frankly addressing persisting issues suchas unequal power, whose knowledge and what ways of knowing count,whose voice can be heard or appear in print, and other dilemmas ofthis practice. Conservation scientists and practitioners will bothbenefit from reading this book. First book to examine community participatory researchtechniques that focuses on conservation aims Unique book in that it is written from the perspective ofparticipating community volunteers and researching scientists Part of the prestigious Conservation Science and Practiceseries published in association with the Zoological Society ofLondon "Participatory Research in Conservation and RuralLivelihoods is brilliant, passionate, and inspiring..." Richa Nagar, University of Minnesota, co-author ofPlaying with Fire

The land and natural resources on which rural people depend for their
livelihoods are the subject of conservationists' study. The state of the soil, the
water and the flora and fauna are important to both groups. The creation of
sustainable ...

Participatory Rural Development in Pakistan

Experience of Rural Support Programmes

The stories of nine rural support programs (RSPs) related in this book focus on their partnership--which started in a small way in late 1982--with rural communities in Pakistan through participatory organizations of ordinary men and women. In each case, the emphasis is on change and outcomes. The nine RSPs work in partnership with rural communities in 93 districts in the four provinces of Pakistan, Northern Areas, and Azad Jammu & Kashmir. They have helped organise nearly 1.67 million rural households into 100,700 participatory organizations of men and women with 1.90 million members. The RSPs have used these organizations to deliver a variety of inputs and services, build physical infrastructure, enhance skills, transfer technologies, and link them with other service providers, especially governments. Much as these investments and activities are appreciated, and some of their good effects well demonstrated, perhaps a far more important contribution of community organizations has been to enable ordinary people to participate in making decisions that affect their well-being and claim resources and services from outsiders, particularly the public sector agencies. This has been of particular importance to the poor and women who are often the most disadvantaged groups. Getting together, speaking out, participating in making decisions, doing new things, going out, and working with outsiders are demonstrably necessary for confidence and empowerment. The experience of rural support programs has convinced governments and international donor community that community organizations should be part of the mainstream in the effort to reduce poverty.

The stories of nine rural support programs (RSPs) related in this book focus on their partnership--which started in a small way in late 1982--with rural communities in Pakistan through participatory organizations of ordinary men and women.

Widening Democracy: Citizens and Participatory Schemes in Brazil and Chile

This book examines the different levels of citizens' participation in the decision-making process existing in Brazil and Chile. A series of historical and political factors are explored which have favoured or obstructed the existence of participatory schemes in both countries.

This book examines the different levels of citizens' participation in the decision-making process existing in Brazil and Chile.

Metodologi studi agraria

karya terpilih Gunawan Wiradi

On method of agrarian research in Indonesia.

saya dalam penelitian keagrariaan, yaitu: (a) menyangkut seni penggalian data
sosial-ekonomi di pedesaan Jawa; (b) seputar pemahaman mengenai beberapa
peristilahan kunci di pedesaan Jawa dan aplikasinya dalam penelitian ...

Problem desentralisasi dan perimbangan keuangan pemerintahan pusat-daerah

peluang dan tantangan dalam pengelolaan sumber daya daerah

Management of financial balance between central and local government in Indonesia; collection of articles.

peluang dan tantangan dalam pengelolaan sumber daya daerah ... Praktik
korupsi di era otonomi daerah yang kian menyebar dan semakin melibatkan
banyak aktor telah menggambarkan ironi desentralisasi korupsi. Hal yang
dianggap ...